Dec 2, 2018
The story of Hanukkah is one of revolution and miracles: Greek influence over the Jews in the Land of Israel was getting out of hand. Hellenism was spreading, an affront to Jewish culture and religious practice. When the Greek ruler of the time, Antiochus, forbade Jewish religious practice, a small group of Jews, the Maccabees, revolted. The Maccabees were successful and, as a first order of business, restored the desecrated Holy Temple. The menorah in the Temple needed to be lit. Traditionally, the candelabrum burned continuously. The Temple liberators searched high and low but could find only one vial of olive oil, which seemed to be enough for just one day. Miraculously, the oil lasted for eight days, which was just enough time to receive a new shipment. To celebrate the miracle, Hanukkah was instituted.
Today, Jews everywhere light menorahs on each night of Hanukkah. Traditionally, one candle or flame is lit for each night until the eighth night, when all eight lights shine together. The menorah has a ninth “helper” flame — known as the shamash — used to light the other candles. This is necessary because in Jewish law the Hanukkah lights serve no other purpose than declaring the miracle of the holiday. Jews place the lit menorah in a prominent window in order to fulfill this commandment.
Gift giving is now a common practice on Hanukkah, and it is therefore a beloved time for Jewish children. Fried potato pancakes (latkes) and doughnuts (sufganiyot) are traditional fare, and a spinning top (dreidel or sevivon) with four Hebrew letters has become synonymous with the holiday. The letters — nun, gimel, hei, shin — form an acronym for the message of Hanukkah: A great miracle happened there.
As a jazzy soundtrack for this year’s festivities, enjoy Podcast 650, which includes tunes of the season by:
Don Byron – “Dreidl Song”
Event Horizon Jazz – “Maoz Tzur”
Kenny Ellis – “Sevivon, Sov, Sov Sov”
The Klezmatics – “Do the Latke Flip-Flip”
Ben Sidran – “I Have a Little Dreidle”
Jon Simon – “Oh Hanukkah, Oh Hanukkah”
Dave Koz – “Eight Candles (A Song for Hanukkah)”
The Klezmer Conservatory Band – “Klezmorim At Chanukah”
Tim Warfield – “The Dreidel Song”